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How is penetration testing done?


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Penetration testing tools can provide the feedback needed to complete the overall cybersecurity assessment. Pen test tools verify security loopholes by scanning data encryption techniques and testing logins and passwords. They resemble some of the tools a real hacker would use to try to infiltrate the system. Automated tools are useful in Black Box and Gray Box penetration testing.

There are a few categories of penetration testing tools, including port scanners, vulnerability scanners, and application scanners. Port scanners work remotely to gather information and personal data about a target. Vulnerability scanners seek out known vulnerabilities in both network hosts and networks overall. Application scanners check for weaknesses in web-based applications.

While it is possible to do your own penetration testing, this isn’t the most effective route to take as it’s time consuming, difficult to perform, and requires in-depth security skills and knowledge. But if you would like to use a penetration tool, there are some key characteristics to assess when selecting your software or program.

When selecting a penetration tool, make sure the tool is easy to deploy and configure to your unique needs. The penetration tool should scan your system easily and be able to reverify any previous red flags. The tool should be able to categorize and rank vulnerabilities based on their severity, prioritizing for you what needs to be fixed immediately. There should be an automation aspect that verifies vulnerabilities for you, generating detailed logs.

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